The usage of containers (Standard 40-foot HIGH-CUBE Container) is essential due to their robust and secure setup, flexibility in terms of design and last but not least the short operation and transport time, as it can be deployed in emergency areas very fast. It not only protects the stuff equipments and instruments from the various environmental threats, but it also fulfills the relevant requirements of high tech labs. While respecting the logistic requirements in terms of its physical sizes, the 40-foot standard container size allows for fast and safe transport on the road, water and air. Thanks to these attributes, it can be operational eminently.
The operation of the container system can be divided into four distinct areas:
A residential container used by personnel, with an administrational area, where record of patients and
any other administrative functions can be performed.
- Server Room:
The server required for the operation of the MobileLab SW systems (e.g. Health Mobile Platform), which serves to store digital data generated by laboratory devices on one side, and encrypts and transmits the stored data. The room is cooled, air-conditioned for the optimum and long-term operation of the servers.
- Satellite communication unit:
Integrates the hardware and software needed for satellite communication. Some of them are physically placed in the server room. The antenna of the satellite communication system satellite transmitter is installed in the container in an integrated manner thus facilitating transport and on-site assembly.
Container offering and ensuring not only BSL-1, BSL-2 (1st and 2nd Biosafety Level) functions but even the highest BSL-3, BSL-4. With the help of the most effective air filters e.g. Highly Effective Particulate Air (HEPA) and/or Ultra Low Particle-Air (ULPA). With a sophisticated biohazard waste treatment module!
Sterilization is one of the most important measures in the daily work of a Laboratory.
Especially while working in a microbiology lab. As such many different ways of sterilization exist.
- WET HEAT (Autoclaving)
The method of choice for sterilisation in most labs isautoclaving; using pressurised steam to heat the material to be sterilised. This is a very effective method that kills all microbes, spores and viruses, although for some specific bugs, especially high temperatures or incubation times are required. Autoclaving kills microbes by hydrolysis and coagulation of cellular proteins, which is efficiently achieved by intense heat in the presence of water. The intense heat comes from the steam. Pressurised steam has a high latent heat; at 100degC it holds 7 times more heat than water at the same temperature. This heat is liberated upon contact with the cooler surface of the material to be sterilised, allowing rapid delivery of heat and good penetration of dense materials. At these temperatures, water does a great job of hydrolysing proteins… so those bugs don’t stand a chance.
- DRY HEAT (Flaming, baking)
Dry heating has one crucial difference from autoclaving. You’ve guessed it – there’s no water, so protein hydrolysis can’t take place. Instead, dry heat tends to kill microbes by oxidation of cellular components. This requires more energy than protein hydrolysis so higher temperatures are required for efficient sterilization by dry heat. For example sterilisation can normally be achieved in 15 minutes by autoclaving at 121degC, whereas dry heating would generally need a temperature of 160degC to sterilize in a similar amount of time.
Filtration is a great way of quickly sterilizing solutions without heating. Filters, of course, work by passing the solution through a filter with a pore diameter that is too small for microbes to pass through. Filters can be scintered glass funnels made from heat-fused glass particles or, more commonly these days, membrane filters made from cellulose esters. For removal of bacteria, filters with an average pore diameter of 0.2um is normally used. But remember, viruses and phage can pass through these filters so filtration is not a good option if these are a concern.
Ethanol is commonly used as a disinfectant, although since isopropanol is a better solvent for fat it is probably a better option. Both work by denaturing proteins through a process that requires water, so they must be diluted to 60-90% in water to be effective. Again, a it’s important to remember that although ethanol and IPA are good at killing microbial cells, they have no effect on spores.
UV, x-rays and gamma rays are all types of electromagnetic radiation that have profoundly damaging effects on DNA, so make excellent tools for sterilization. The main difference between them, in terms of their effectiveness, is their penetration. UV has limited penetration in air so sterilisation only occurs in a fairly small area around the lamp. However, it is relatively safe and is quite useful for sterilising small areas, like laminar flow hoods. X-rays and gamma rays are far more penetrating, which makes them more dangerous but very effective for large scale cold sterilization of plastic items (e.g. syringes) during manufacturing. So those are some of the main methods for sterilization I can think of. If I’ve missed any, please feel free to let me know in the comments section.
Our philosophy is to always use the latest and most reliable technologies to be able to identify all the relevant diseases.Read more
Software (modules & HMP)
Thanks to its modular based setup MobileLab always fully complies with the healthcare tasks defined by the user. While developing and selecting the best possible technologies, the focus was on delivering software components that not only match the client needs, but also are flexible enough to match the constantly changing environment and are also able to adapt to the latest trends.Read more
The Communication module is an essential part of MobileLab as it not only connects the several parts sun-systems but it also ensures real time communication with any 3rd party all around the world, through the embed satellite communication platform.Read more